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Learning the Lingua Franca of Healthcare
You've got more than enough to worry about in your new job besides understanding what your boss is saying. Here's a list of words and terms to help you out.
An intervention is any program that 'intervenes' in the prevention or treatment of a disease to increase the health of a population.
Cost-effective analysis is a tool used by people in the
healthcare industry to judge the usefulness of healthcare
interventions in relation to their cost.? In
this way, people deciding between two different interventions
can determine which can give the most health gain for the
least amount of money.
Medicine that is not taught in medical schools or typically practiced by doctors is referred to as alternative medicine.? Examples of alternative medicine include acupuncture, homeopathy and massage therapy.
Prevention is a type of health care intervention that helps to stop a person from developing a disease.
Treatment is the opposite of prevention, as treatment methods
seek to take care of already existing diseases.
The prevalence of a disease is the proportion of the
population that currently has a disease.? You
can find the prevalence of a disease by dividing the number
of people with a disease by the entire population that could
possibly develop the disease.
Incidence is a rate that determines the number of new cases
of a disease within a certain period of time.?
You can determine the incidence of a disease by dividing the
number of new cases of a disease by person-time observation
(a certain amount of a time multiplied by the entire
population that could possibly develop the
disease).? The amount of time is typically one
Immunity is the inability of a person to develop a disease
due to their natural disposition or a vaccine.?
A risk factor is some aspect of a person that makes them more
likely to develop a disease.? A risk factor can
be behavioral, biological or environmental.
Out-of-pocket payments refer to the money that you have to pay when you make a visit to the doctor's office or hospital to receive care.? These payments can be particularly high if you do not have health insurance.??
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